Inspite of the overwhelming heterosexuality of conventional news representations…

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Inspite of the overwhelming heterosexuality of conventional news representations…

Inspite of the overwhelming heterosexuality of conventional news representations, portrayals of homosexual and lesbian people on tv are becoming significantly more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became the very first tv series to own a gay leading character. This enhance is seen within the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous shows such as for instance Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, along with implies that concentrate on homosexual figures in leading functions such as for instance Will and Grace and it’s really All general. In addition, cable stations have actually included programs such as for example Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual characters much more complex plot lines in accordance with more explicit sexual habits.

Even though the presence of gay and lesbian figures might have increased recently on both broadcast that is commercial cable systems, it really is ambiguous exactly exactly how frequently television addresses the intimate problems and issues of intimate minorities.

As noted earlier in the day, when homosexual and lesbian characters have actually been a part of programs, they will have frequently been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, the majority of just exactly exactly what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including show that is single studies), concentrating on just just exactly how particular programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the total amount of sexual content shown on tv generally (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported in the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual dilemmas pertaining to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.

This paper centers on factors evaluating nonheterosexual content that were included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv.

Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are acclimatized to respond to questions in regards to the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Especially, the info analyses address two research that is broad: (1) as to what extent are nonheterosexual sexual themes, especially intimate behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and just exactly just what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does happen, what exactly is its regularity and exactly how does it differ across genres, kind of network, and prime time versus nonprime time development?

System Samples

A 3 composite week sampling plan was utilized to have two big yearly random examples of television programs of best interest to adolescents and therefore were comprehensive of many sections associated with the tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 commercial broadcast companies (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). As the content analyses had been section of a more substantial research study on tv visibility and adolescent sexuality, a few sites had been included due to their appeal to young audiences including UPN, which televises a considerable wide range of programs with young African American characters (age.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One using one); WB, which tailors its development to white youth, with programs such as for instance Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which will show music videos along with other programs (e.g., dating truth programs) watched by many people teenagers and adults.

Composite week sampling designs have now been utilized in past analysis that is content to have representative examples of tv programming (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily choosing times of the week or particular time slots for recording over weeks to cut back possible bias that might be introduced if all taping were done inside a calendar week that is single. Recording associated with test happened mainly more than a 7 week duration when you look at the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the month of September, we started taping as soon as all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the current period. Each three different days of the week were randomly selected for taping from all 11 stations, with all seven days of the week represented three times in the sample week. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (of which time many youth are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or the show was pre empted by sporting or other events that are special proceeded for the winter season.